The Greatest Gambling Guide to Online Roulette
Roulette Rules: How to Get Ahead of the Game
Roulette Rules: High Level
As expected, roulette begins with all players at the table placing their bets. The dealer, also known as a croupier, tosses a small ball into the roulette wheel as it spins. While the ball is spinning, some tables allow players to continue to place bets. While the ball continues to bounce about, the dealer stated that no additional bets can be placed, and the betting stops. The ball then lands on a number inside the wheel. If there are winners who have bet on the number, color, or section the number is included in, they are awarded based on their betting and odds.
Roulette Rules: Far More Granular
The art of playing roulette successfully may seem simple. You pick a number or some grouping, and then place bets and wait to see where the ball lands. While true that this is the basic process, there is far more than meets the eye to play roulette with a relative form of success.
Roulette has detailed rules surrounding how to obtain chips, how to determine chip value, when the best time is to bet, how to bet properly, when betting stops, how to interact with other players at the table, rules for winning and losing, and of course what to do when the betting starts again.
How to Obtain Chips for Roulette
In most casinos, roulette chips differ from those used at other table games such as craps or blackjack. These chips are used solely for roulette, although other chips can be used at the roulette table. In some casinos in Europe, roulette chips are the same as those at other table games. This can get confusing, as chips fly quickly, and it can be difficult for dealers to keep track of bets from various players.
Once you arrive at the table, you place your money on the table in between rounds. Once you inform the dealer of how much you’d like each of your chips to be worth, they indicate the amount on their chip wheel and deal them out for you. The chips are now valued at you set rate. For example, if you put down $100 and get 20 chips, each chip is worth $5 when played. If you put down $500 though, and get the same number of chips, each chip is worth $25 when played.
When to Bet in Roulette
After you have cashed in, you will see a small object on the playing table that is similar to a puck. This indicates the number hit on the most recent round. When this puck is removed by the dealer, the betting process begins. Typically, players make bets on their own. Sometimes, dealers assist players unable to reach the far ends of the table to place their bets. The roulette table is one of the largest in physical table games.
How to Bet on Roulette
If you are simply betting on a single number or a few numbers, all you need to do is put your chips on those numbers. If you are betting on proposition bets outside of the layout, for example even-money red/black bets, odd/even, high/low, or others, you place those bets directly on the proposition on the playing table. These proposition bets all pay one to one. Additionally, the first to third dozen bets, or the first to third column bets will also be placed on their proposition space on the playing table, but will pay two to one.
There are several other additional betting options as well, which have differing placements and different winning values.
When to Stop Your Betting
Once the dealer spins the large roulette wheel, bets can still be made. It takes the wheel a good while to slow down. At a certain point, the dealer will wave their arms over the playing table and state that no further bets can be made. Any bets made after this point are usually disqualified from being legitimate bets.
But what happens when you win?
When the ball finally stops jumping around, the dealer will call out the number that the ball lands on. Some more thorough dealers also inform players of the color, odd or even, or other distinguishing factors that determine winnings. The dealer will then place the puck on the winning number on the playing surface and sweep the playing board of all losing bets. The final step is to pay those who won their winnings.
Betting Begins Again
While the puck is still in place on the winning wager, betting is stopped. Once those who won have been paid, the dealer removes the puck, and lets players know that bets can be placed again. At this point, the process starts over.
Types of Roulette Bets
If you wish to place a bet on two numbers that are right next to each other, place your chips on the line in between the two numbers. The winnings for this is 17 to one (which makes sense, as you are betting on two of 34 total number options).
Street Bet/Three Number Bet
If you wish to bet on three numbers at the same time, place your wager on the outside borders of those three numbers. The wager payoff for this, as the 34 total spaces do not divide equally into three, is 11 to one.
The Corner Bet/Square Bet
If you wish to bet on four numbers at the same time, place your wager at the intersection where the four numbers meet. The wager payoff for a corner bet is eight to one.
The Five Number Bet
The five-number bet is rarely placed, as it is one of the least prolific for player winnings and has an almost eight percent house edge. The bet is placed on the 0, 00, one, two and three spaces. A win on this bet has a wager payoff of six to one.
The Six Number Bet
If you wish to bet on six numbers at the same time, place your wager on the outside borders of those six numbers. The wager payoff for this is relatively high, at six to one as well. You can see why the house advantage with the five-number bet would diminish when another number possibility is added.
The Column Bet
With a column outside proposition bet, the players are wagering that one of the numerical columns on the playing surface will have the winning number. In this case, the chip is placed at the bottom of the column that you believe will contain the number that the ball finally lands on.
Winning bets are paid out at two to one odds. The zero and double zero are not part of columns, so if one of these two is the winning number, the wager is automatically lost. The house edge on the American version of roulette with a double zero option on the wheel is a little over five percent, while the house edge on a single zero European roulette wheel is 2.7 percent.
The Dozens Bet
The dozens bet is an outside proposition bet on whether or not one of twelve different numbers on the playing surface will hit. While there are not twelve consecutive numbers on the roulette wheel, the numbers are chosen directly from the playing surface layout. The bet is placed on either the first dozen, second dozen, or third dozen, and you can bet on up to two of them. The payout for this bet is two to one. Much like the column bet above, the zero and double zero are not part of dozens, so if one of these two is the winning number, the wager is automatically lost. The house edge on the American version of roulette with a double zero option on the wheel is a little over five percent, while the house edge on a single zero European roulette wheel is 2.7 percent.
The Even/Odd Bet
The even or odd bet is an outside proposition bet placed on either odd or even numbers on the roulette wheel. There are eighteen odd numbers and eighteen even numbers on the standard roulette wheel, as the zero and double zero again do not count, and if one of these two is the winning number, the wager is automatically lost to the house.
The winning bet for evens and odds is paid “even money”, which means the payout is one to one. Basically, if an even or an odd is correctly bet upon, your money doubles. This is a common argument for the Martingale betting system. The house edge on the American version of roulette with a double zero option on the wheel is a little over five percent, while the house edge on a single zero European roulette wheel is 2.7 percent.
The High/Low Bet
The high or low bet is an outside proposition bet placed on either the higher or lower numbers on the roulette wheel. There are numbers one to 18 and numbers 19 to 36 on a standard low or high selection, as the zero and double zero again do not count, and if one of these two is the winning number, the wager is automatically lost to the house.
The winning bet for high and low is paid “even money”, which means the payout is one to one. Basically, if an even or an odd is correctly bet upon, your money doubles. The house edge for the high/low roulette bet on the American version of roulette with a double zero option on the wheel is a little over five percent, while the house edge on a single zero European roulette wheel is 2.7 percent.
The Black or Red Bet
The black or red bet is an outside proposition bet placed on either the black or the red values on the roulette wheel. There are an even number of black and red colors on the wheel, as the zero and double zero again do not count, and if one of these two is the winning number, the wager is automatically lost to the house.
The winning bet for black and red is paid “even money”, which means the payout is one to one. Basically, if red or a black is correctly bet upon, your money doubles. The house edge for the high/low roulette bet on the American version of roulette with a double zero option on the wheel is a little over five percent, while the house edge on a single zero European roulette wheel is 2.7 percent.
Key Takeaways on Roulette Betting Types
- Organization of the numbers on the European wheel is differently laid out than the numbers on the American wheel.
- The single-zero wheel found in most European casinos has 37 numbers on it. The double-zero wheel found in most American casinos has 38 numbers on it.
- House edges on the European single-zero roulette wheels are generally smaller than the corresponding bat-based house edges on the double-zero American roulette wheels.
- On double-zero based American roulette wheels, house edges range from 2.63 percent to 7.89 percent. The average house edge on American double-zero roulette wheels is 5.26 percent.
- On single-zero based European roulette wheels, house edges range from 1.35 percent to 2.70 percent. The average house edge on European single-zero roulette wheels is 2.70 percent.
More on Roulette House Edges
Much like craps, and as has been discussed above, there are a large number of different types of bets available in roulette. The range of house edges is both not as advantageous to the player not as varied as the range of house edges in craps. As stated, on double-zero based American roulette wheels, house edges range from 2.63 percent to 7.89 percent. The average house edge on American double-zero roulette wheels is 5.26 percent.
Meanwhile, on single-zero based European roulette wheels, house edges range from 1.35 percent to 2.70 percent. The average house edge on European single-zero roulette wheels is 2.70 percent. In terms of winning capacities, the European version of roulette is far preferred.
How to Accurately Determine House Edges – American
The American version of the roulette wheel has 38 numbers in total: one to 36, a zero, and a double-zero. The payout for a winning selection on a single numbered bet is 35 to one. In a game that is completely void of house edges, the payout for a winning selection on a single numbered bet with 38 numbers in total should be 37 to one. In summary, if you bet one, you win 37. If you bet 10, you win 370. So in a perfect world you would lose 37 times, but win one, and it would equal out. In this situation, there would be no edge for either the house or the roulette player.
This being the case, it’s clear to see that casinos don’t have the chance to make much of a profit on a game with a 37 to one odds mix. They fix this by paying odds of 35 to one versus 37 to one. Determining the percent house edge is as simple as following the below mathematical process:
- Divide the number of units the casino keeps (two) into the total available units (38)
- Multiply the result by 100 to get the final percentage house edge = 5.26 percent
How to Accurately Determine House Edges – European
Additionally, European roulette gaming has been known to be better for player odds than its American counterpart simple because of the single zero instead of both the single zero and double zero. The payout for a winning selection on a single numbered bet is 35 to one. In a game that is completely void of house edges, the payout for a winning selection on a single numbered bet with 37 numbers in total should be 36 to one. In summary, if you bet one, you win 36. If you bet 10, you win 360. So in a perfect world you would lose 36 times, but win one, and it would equal out. In this situation, there would be no edge for either the house or the roulette player.
In the European version, the house is keeping only one additional unit, versus the America version’s two. So here is the mathematical process for determining the percent house edge for European roulette:
- Divide the number of units the casino keeps (one) into the total available units (38)
- Multiply the result by 100 to get the final percentage house edge = 2.7 percent
It’s as easy as that!
Roulette Wheel Structure
The structuring of the wheel on a roulette table has very little to do with how the numbers on the wheel are organized. They aren’t in numerical order, and they are well spaced out. Advanced roulette players typically don’t pay attention to the wheel until the ball is almost done rolling and bouncing, instead putting their focus on the playing surface and layout where the bets are.
Older casinos were aware of the habits and formations of their own wheels. That being the case, they knew that there were certain sections of the roulette wheel that would grab onto the ball more so than others, and even minute misbalances in the wheel itself that allowed certain sides to be hit more often than others.
If roulette players could just shift their focus onto only the playing and betting surfaces, and not the prone-to-error wheel, and then a number was spit out at random, everything would be just fine. However, some stalwart players caught onto the wheels having flaws, and could exploit this to destroy the house edge completely. Since this, the wheels have been fine tuned to near perfection, and are far less likely to be “gamed” by roulette players.
Spacing of the numbers on the double-zero American roulette wheels differ from the spacing of the numbers on the single-zero European roulette wheels. Here are the main differences between the two:
Roulette Number Sequences – American Version
- The American version of the roulette wheel has 38 numbered pockets. There are pockets one to 36 numbered, as well as a zero pocket and a double-zero pocket.
- Half of the pocket numbers are black, while the other half are red. The zero and double-zero pockets are generally either green or blue.
- Somewhat across (an odd number of playing pockets mean that they are not going to be directly across from one another) from each odd number is an even number. 33 is across from 34, 35 is across from 36.
- This design has its flaws, as only the number 33 separates the numbers 18 and 19.
- The color of the numbered pockets on the roulette wheel match perfectly with the corresponding colors of the numbers on the playing and betting surface. The only bet that the colors correspond with, though, are the red or black bet.
- On the roulette wheel, pairs of odd numbers are alternated with pairs of even numbers, unless in the case of the zero (splitting the 28 and two) and the double-zero (splitting the one and 27).
Roulette Number Sequences – European Version
- The European version of the roulette wheel has 37 numbered pockets. There are pockets one to 36 numbered, as well as a single zero pocket.
- Half of the pocket numbers are black, while the other half are red. The zero pocket is generally either green or blue.
- Some positions of the numbers are like the American roulette wheel positioning, with an odd number directly across from an even number, such as 28 directly across from 27. However, this does not prevail throughout the wheel.
- The color of the numbered pockets on the roulette wheel match perfectly with the corresponding colors of the numbers on the playing and betting surface. The only bet that the colors correspond with, though, are the red or black bet.
Roulette Strategies: Eight That Stand the Tests of Time
The game of roulette dates to the 1700’s. In the centuries since its creation, numerous visionaries have attempted to develop unique strategies that beat the house in roulette. Many of these strategies have been proven inefficient, but several have stood the test of time and proven to be advantageous if utilized properly.
All strategies for roulette have their weaknesses, as roulette, like other table games, is a game of chance. In the end, the house always has the upper hand. There are several other good reasons to use these strategies outlined below, including making the experience more entertaining, interesting, and potentially profitable.
The Martingale Roulette System
The Martingale roulette system has long been one of the most popular and profitable roulette strategies. In theory, when done perfectly this can be a house beater. With the Martingale system, players double the stake on each loss, resetting the original bet whenever a win is obtained. In theory, the concept is truly bulletproof. However, in reality there are several limitations that cause the Martingale system to fail.
The Paroli Roulette Strategy
The Parolio roulette strategy is sometimes referred to as a reverse Martingale. The concept of this roulette strategy is double stakes on every win, and reset the bets on every loss. In effect, the opposite of what is performed with the Martingale roulette system. This strategy assumes that the wins and losses occur in batches or streaks, and that betting as such would maximize wins when the roulette table is “hot” and minimize losses when the roulette table is “cold”.
The D’Alembert Roulette Strategy
The D’Alembert roulette strategy is a simple system. On every win, you change your stake by one (decreasing by one), and on every loss, you change the stake by one as well (increasing by one). The concept of this roulette strategy is that when a player reaches the same number of winning and losing rounds, they will have made a profit overall. This makes sense, again, in theory, but house odds and other issues cause players to have to use plenty of start-up capital to get to the point where the odds are evened.
The Tier et Tout Roulette System
In the Tier et Tout roulette system, the goal is to win in only two rounds. The amount of money that a player has needs to be divided into three sections with this strategy. The first third of the money is being placed in the first bet. The second third is placed again if the player’s first bet is lost. When the amount can’t be divided into thirds equally, players are supposed to divide by the highest amount possible, and place the rest aside as a profit. Provided a win can be obtained within two rounds, this system works without a hitch.
The Labouchere Roulette Strategy
The Labochere strategy for roulette is incredibly different compared to others in this list of roulette systems. With this strategy, players are meant to write down a sequence of numbers. The bets are then placed based on the outer numbers of the written sequence. With every loss, the player adds another number to the sequence. With every win, the player removes two numbers from the sequence. The result is to have all numbers removed, which should end in a profit equal to the sum of the original sequence of numbers.
The Hollandish Roulette System
The Hollandish roulette strategy has similar pieces to the Martingale system. The benefit of the Hollandish over the Martingale, though, is a lower tier of risk. In this system, the player bets in series of three. If the player’s total balance is ever lower than it was in the first place before performing a series, the stakes are increased, and a new series begins at three again. This process repeats until the total balance is higher than it was at the beginning, and then is reset to the original amount and profit is reaped.
The Oscar Grind Roulette Strategy
Much like the Paroli roulette strategy, the Oscar Grind roulette strategy is based solely on winning assumptions, and if wins and losses occur in streaks. In this strategy winnings are achieved by increasing the stake on a win when not being in profit. On a loss, the stake is always unchanged. Whenever a profit to the sum of the original stake is achieved, the stake is then reset to the original one.
The Kavouras Roulette System
The Kavouras roulette strategy is vastly different than the others, with features coming closest to resembling that of the Labouchere. The Kavouras strategy is described as chaotic, like a big betting pattern, of numbers is supposed to be placed all over the table. It might be many bets to place, but an advantage with Kavouras strategy is that winnings happen more often as compared with previously discussed roulette strategies, as more than half of the table’s numbers are covered.
Problems Inherent in the System: Issues with Roulette Strategies
The concept of a roulette strategy is that you are countering chaotic randomness with more chaotic randomness, and that in theory things will work for the best, i.e. two negatives turn into a positive. The house at a roulette table will pay 35 to one on inside bets and fair games are 37 to one (or 36 to one for European roulette). This creates edges for the house, of course. On outside, even-money bets, for every 40 wins the house gets, the player will average 36 wins in American roulette and 38 wins in European roulette.
This being the case, remember the following:
- Wins in roulette are split half and half by properly betting half the numbers, and the house wins more often than the players.
- Betting the outside proposition bets listed in the section above, leads to a case where the house wins more often than the players.
- If you take the even-money bets and split them right down the middle, the house wins more often than the players.
- If you purchase new, interesting betting strategies for roulette and then take those to the table, the house wins more often than the players.
Getting Started Playing Roulette Online
There are many gamblers wary of the concept of gambling online. The question comes in whether these online casinos are safe. The truth of the matter is that most of these online gambling sites are owned by larger casino enterprises or by-the-book businesses looking to expand their client base, not make a quick buck and disappear.
Advantages to Online Roulette
Online roulette has a far better level of convenience than its physical counterpart. There is no need to get dressed, get ready, and then travel somewhere to place a bet at a roulette table. This can be done from the comfort of your own home, any time of the day or night. This is ideal for the disabled, those who have prior responsibilities that require them to be home or just not traveling, or those who have busy schedules and little time to sit down and play at a real roulette table or find themselves a large casino.
Due to strong competition for player spots, online gambling sites tend to offer highly lucrative signup bonuses to new roulette players, generally between 25% to 70% of their initial investment. Along with this is a typical 24-hour customer service line or chat room.
Also, most online roulette sites have more robust rule sets than brick and mortar physical casinos do. Regardless, it’s still important to check the rules before you begin play, to ensure familiarization. Additionally, online roulette tables alleviate potential distractions of other live players (such as cigarette smoke, loud talking, etc).
Disadvantages to Online Roulette
Unlike their physical, brick and mortar counterparts, where the exchange of money into chips to use at the roulette table is instant, online roulette can sometimes take time for funds to be validated and fully deposited. In addition to this, customer service on some smaller online gambling sites is inferior, with responses taking hours to receive, and only via email or ticket system.
Typically, there are very specific requirements necessary to reach the level of whatever bonuses the gambling sites offer. Also, you will miss out on the banter and ambience present in land-based roulette gameplay, which is all part of the enjoyable experience. The convenience of online roulette games can also end up becoming addicting for some players, with gambling addiction rates rising with the influx of gaming sites available.
And of course, the looming disadvantage. Operation of gambling sites in the United States is not legal. For this reason, most roulette-inclusive gambling sites are offshore, and have no official government agency to assist their players in the event of a dispute between the online gambling provider and the player. This leads to the following question:
Are roulette gambling sites safe? Do they play by the rules?
Most potential new online roulette players become curious about the safety and trustworthiness of roulette gambling sites, as most are offshore with no real local oversight in place. When online gambling came to fruition, cheating and hacking was incredibly rampant on some of the larger and quite a few of the smaller sites offering free play roulette online. This included not only software-based cheating, but also collusion between players. In the current day and age, major online roulette sites have strong protection in place to prevent cheating and hacking. Many are licensed, practice fair gambling practices, and are frequently audited by third parties to ensure this stays the case.
Starting Online Roulette Gambling, The Right Way
First off, you’re going to need a relatively fast computer and access to the Internet. If you are in the overwhelming majority of the developed world, there is a high likelihood you have these things. Once this is acquired, set up an account with the site you wish to begin playing real money online roulette on. This generally consists of filling out an application and depositing an initial bankroll into an account for the purposes of roulette. Before doing this, it’s vital to read up on information on the gambling site in terms of transfer options, minimum deposits, new customer rewards and bonuses, and how much play is required to obtain the bonus.
You also need to know how to remove money from your account, and how long the withdrawal process takes. Additionally, most online roulette sites require a download of their specific software to your computer. Some sites allow web browser play, but those are few and far between.
Playing Roulette Online: RNG vs Live – Random Number Generators
The true key to playing roulette online is the desire of the player to play legitimate roulette online, and not just some mocked up version of it. The bets should be paid out the same as a brick and mortar casino, and the house odds should remain the same as well. You truly want to experience of the real thing, without it being the real thing.
There are two main types of roulette that can be played online: Random number generation (also known as RNG), and live roulette, which is a video stream of real games and real dealers, working at real wheels and real tables.
Random Number Generator Online Roulette
Random number generation is a computer software algorithm that selects various sets of numbers completely at random. These number sequences are translated by a machine, allowing the players to understand what results have happened. The random number generation process determines losses and wins. It can’t be influenced by tipping or the willingness to commit a crime. It is an automated process.
These random number generators are the controllers also of video poker machines and slot machines in live casinos. They are also used in digital versions of online casino games of chance such as roulette, or card generation in games such as poker and blackjack when played through an online casino.
These sequences of random numbers are selected in splits of seconds. The random number generator run consistently in a video poker or a slot machine, regardless of whether the machine is being played or not. Each loss or win result is developed by this RNG system. Spinning of slot machine reels have no effect of what the outcome of an RNG is. This is the case for all casino games, including online roulette. The wonders of randomness, programmer style.
Randomness, Programmer Style
Random number generators have been programmed to be just that, random. But nothing can be perfectly randomized. Sometimes, the RNG is referred to as the pseudo-RNG. Simply put, playing online roulette through a digitized randomized number generator will result in the same non-pattern as a standard roulette wheel. The difference comes in the player technically just playing a roulette skin of a slot machine RNG.
How Odds are Affected in RNG Roulette
The odds in RNG roulette should be identical to that on a regular wheel-style roulette game. If you are betting an American double-zero game the house edge will be 5.26 percent and on the European single-zero game the house edge will be 2.70 percent. Additionally, the number of potential landings will not vary from their wheel-based counterparts, either.
This doesn’t stop some online casinos from offering better house odds than their land-based counterparts. This is wonderful, but as always it is your responsibility as the roulette gambler to do your due diligence and research before committing to a deposit at an online casino offering free online roulette gameplay.
Playing Roulette Online: RNG vs Live – Live Roulette Online
In random number generation style roulette, speed can be a major issue for some. Decisions come immediately after placing bets. Your pacing could be great in live-style wheel roulette, but switching over to RNG can cause an overwhelming increase of the speed of the game. This, in turn, could easily lead to mistakes and slip-ups if you aren’t careful and adept. If this is a concern to you, luckily there is an alternative: live online roulette.
Real Wheels, Real Tables, Real Dealers
There are plenty of online casino sites offering “real” gaming. This is an actual dealer, spinning a real roulette ball on a real roulette wheel and calling winnings. Both American and European options exist for live roulette online. If the opportunity to choose which one arises, in terms of house odds, it is always better to select the European option.
If you enjoy slot machines and have a penchant for being able to make quick decisions accurately, RNG is the way to go. But if you feel like getting the true roulette experience without having to leave the home, live dealer roulette is right up your alley.
Live Online Roulette Versus Land-Based, Physical Roulette
Most online casinos will require you to deposit money into a private account. Some sites are very much against anyone else playing with money from your account, or lending money to other players from your account. These online roulette games will also restrict homes and individuals from having multiple accounts with the same address.
There have been precautions incorporated at most online roulette live sites to keep players from going to extremes. However, many of these sites will allow players to play multiple tables. Again, the idea of being able to manage the speed and changes in tables is highly important at that level of play.
Concluding the Greatest Gambling Game Guide: Roulette
Roulette is a high stakes, high impact game. There are strategies to gain an advantage over those not using them, but in the end, the house is meant to always win. Regardless, workarounds exist to attempt to put the odds in the favor of the player for standard roulette games.
In this guide, we touched upon some high-level rules to roulette, showing how to get ahead of the game. Then, we went more granular with roulette rules, explaining how to get chips, when and how to bet, when to stop, what to do when you win, and when to know that betting has begun again.
We showed many types of roulette bets, including split bets, street bets, corner bets, five and six number nets, column and dozens bets, even and odd and high and low bets, and black or red bets. We explained more on house edges, including determining factors for both the American and European roulette versions.
We touched upon the wheel structures of both the American and European roulette wheels. We then dove into the eight most widely-used strategies for roulette: Martingale, Paroli, D’Alembert, Tier et Tout, Labouchere, Hollandish, Oscar Grind, and Kavoulas.
We discussed issues inherent in strategic roulette play, and how to get started playing online roulette, including advantages and disadvantages, safety, and how to get started the right way. We explained the concept of random number generation with online roulette, and how it compared to live online roulette with real dealers. We then explained some of the most frequently asked questions regarding roulette that were not covered already in the game guide.
Roulette is a beast of a table game. Regardless, we are highly confident that if you’ve read this full guide, you have a strong amount of information to get started in the wild world of roulette. Whether real world, live online, or simple online roulette gameplay, you have the tactics and tricks to come out the other side with some winnings. Happy gambling!